Prepare a 1-2 minute debate speech. (Your speech should actually be written out or typed.)
You can quote information from other colonists / readings in your speech. (See example speeches.)
Be prepared to answer questions.
Use some of the following events/ideas/people to formulate your speech.
Proclamation of 1763
"taxation without representation"
Sons of Liberty
Boston Tea Party
Writings of Thomas Paine – Common Sense
PatriotsRole #1What does "taxation without representation mean? What does Patrick Henry say about it? Why are people upset about the Sugar Act? The Stamp Act? Why were more people upset about the Stamp Act than the Sugar Act?
Role #2 What is "taxation without representation." What did the Townshend Acts say? Is there any evidence of corruption amongst the tax collectors? Why are colonists upset about the Quartering Act and the standing army in Boston?
Role #3 How did the colonists feel about the Tea Act? What is a monopoly? What actions did the radical colonists take to oppose the Tea Act? What bothered the colonists most about the
Intolerable Acts? What rights and privileges were taken away from the colonists due to the Intolerable Acts? What actions do the colonists take in response to the Intolerable Acts?
Role #4Did the colonists try to protest peacefully before going to war?
What was the Olive Branch petition? How did King George respond to it?
Role #5What does Thomas Paine’s Common Sense pamphlet say about an island like Britain ruling the colonies? How did Thomas Paine feel about monarchy? What other ideas did he have about government? Before the actual war of the Revolution could begin, there had to be a revolution "in the minds and hearts of the people."
- John Adams
Loyalists (Tories) Role #1 How do the taxes the colonists pay compare to the taxes paid by the people living in Great Britain? Why did England need to raise revenue? Aren't the colonists represented in Parliament "virtually?" Aren't we proud to be British citizens? Role #2 What violent actions did the Sons of Liberty take? How do the actions of Parliament compare to those of the Sons of Liberty in regards to the rights of the people? Aren't the Sons of Liberty much worse? Role #3 Can we protect ourselves from foreign powers? From Native American attacks? Can we truly survive economically? Can we survive tyrants like the Sons of Liberty? Wasn't King George justified in rejecting the Olive Branch Petition? Role #4 Are we truly able to rule ourselves? Don’t we need to be ruled by a group of people who are educated and know how to rule a country? Aren't the colonists British citizens and don’t we believe in the British form of government – the best country in the world? Role #5 What is the percentage of people who want revolution? How many are neutral? Can’t we resolve this conflict over taxes in a peaceful, civilized manner? Wasn't Parliament truly justified passing the Coercive Acts?
1)Before the debate design a chart/note taking system to keep track of the arguments of both the Patriots and Loyalists during the debate. 2)Read about all of the causes/effects thus far which have lead up to the current situation between the colonists and England. Based on these events, create a list of possible questions which you might ask each side during the debate. 3)During the debate, your job will be to listen to what the Patriots and the Loyalists each say. Try to be neutral (not on either side). Listen carefully to each side’s arguments. You will need to decide which position you will take and then write a half page to a page rationale as to why you chose the side you did. Include examples/evidence from the speeches.
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